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濟南彩鋼板房圍護結構的保溫設計

文章發布: 發表時間:2017-07-18 11:06:48

濟南彩鋼板房圍護構造的集裝籍工▲保溫規劃這些年,隨著世界各地自然災害的頻頻發作以及對礦產資源的趕緊開發,哀鴻暫時安置房和油田礦山現場辦公居住所的需求量不斷增加,堅固耐用、搬運簡單、裝置快捷的集裝箱式活動房因此得到迅速開展。習慣當今修建節能、環保和經濟的潮流,加強濟南彩鋼板房圍護構造的保溫技能研究,已變成濟南彩鋼板房開展的必然趨勢。
Ji'nan steel housing enclosure structure container industry - Ji insulation planning for these years, with the frequent occurrence of natural disasters around the world and to the development of the mineral resources for temporary resettlement housing and oil Aihong mine site office residential demand increases unceasingly, durable, simple and quick handling device of container houses so rapidly carry out. Accustomed to the current construction of energy saving, environmental protection and economic trends, strengthen the Ji'nan color steel board enclosure structure insulation skills research, has become an inevitable trend of Ji'nan color steel board room.
1圍護構造保溫規劃目標及標準1.1室內熱舒適性室內熱舒適性是大家對室內熱環境感到滿意的一種片面感受。影響室內熱舒適性的要素,除了人體的推陳出新率、衣著情況等主觀要素外,首要包括室內溫度、室內濕度、空氣活動速度和環境熱輻射等多個室內客觀要素。環境熱輻射是由也許進入室內的太陽輻射及人體與房屋墻面、地上、房頂等周圍環境界面之間的輻射熱交換構成的。室內空氣溫度是影響室內熱舒適性的首要要素。
1 thermal insulation planning goal and standard of enclosure structure 1.1 indoor thermal comfort and indoor thermal comfort are a kind of one-sided feeling that people are satisfied with indoor thermal environment. The influence of indoor thermal comfort of human factors, in addition to innovation rate, dress and other subjective factors, mainly including indoor temperature, indoor humidity, air velocity and heat radiation and other indoor environmental objective factors. Environmental heat radiation consists of radiant heat exchange that may enter the interior of the sun and the interface between the human body and the walls of the house, the floor, the roof, etc.. Indoor air temperature is the most important factor affecting indoor thermal comfort.
2圍護構造保溫規劃請求2.1保溫方法在進行濟南彩鋼板房 http://www.xtzisha.com/ 圍護構造保溫規劃時,要聯系當地的氣候條件、集裝箱式活動房的構造特色、多式聯運條件以及經濟性方面的請求,思考保溫形,經過最小總熱阻的計算,確定保溫構造與厚度。對夏熱冬冷地區,既要思考修建外圍護構造的隔熱,又要思考冬天修建外圍護構造的保溫。
2 insulation enclosure structure planning request 2.1 insulation method in Ji'nan steel housing enclosure structure heat preservation planning, to contact the local climate conditions, the structural characteristics of container houses, multimodal transport conditions and economic aspects of the request, thinking through the calculation of the insulation, the total thermal resistance, thermal insulation structure and thickness determination. In hot summer and cold winter zone, it is necessary to consider the insulation of the building envelope, and to consider the insulation of the outer enclosure structure in winter.
因多式聯運過程中的起吊、堆碼、栓固等請求,以及港口、堆場工作條件和海陸運送環境的約束,濟南彩鋼板房圍護構造一般選用內保溫方法。
For lifting, multimodal transport in the process of stacking and securing such requests and constraints, working conditions and sea port yard transport environment, Ji'nan steel housing is generally used in thermal insulation method of enclosure structure.
 
 2.2保溫資料盡也許選用熱導系數小的高效保溫隔熱資料,以削減保溫層的厚度,進步室內使用面積。
2.2, heat preservation materials as far as possible, select the thermal conductivity coefficient of small heat insulation data, in order to reduce the thickness of insulation layer, improve indoor use area.
保溫隔熱資料按原料可分為無機保溫隔熱資料、有機保溫隔熱資料和金屬絕熱資料3大類;按形狀又可分為纖維狀保溫隔熱資料、多孔(微孔、氣泡)狀保溫隔熱資料、層狀保溫隔熱資料等幾種。保溫隔熱資料的功能取決于資料的熱導系數,熱導系數愈小,其保溫隔熱的功能則愈好。保溫隔熱資料的熱導系數與其成分、表觀密度、內部構造以及傳熱時的平均溫度和資料的含水率有關。在修建圍護構造中最常用的絕熱保溫資料有模塑聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料、擠塑聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料、硬質聚氨酯泡沫塑料、巖棉板、玻璃棉等。
According to the data of thermal insulation materials can be divided into inorganic thermal insulation materials, insulation materials and metal organic materials insulation 3 categories; according to the shape can be divided into fibrous insulation materials, porous (microporous, bubble) shaped thermal insulation materials and layered thermal insulation materials etc.. The function of heat preservation and heat insulation data depends on the thermal conductivity of the material, and the smaller the thermal conductivity, the better the insulation and heat insulation function. The thermal conductivity of thermal insulation data is related to its composition, apparent density, internal structure, average temperature during heat transfer and moisture content of the data. The most common thermal insulation materials used in building envelopes include molded polystyrene foam, extruded polystyrene foam, rigid polyurethane foam, rock wool board, glass wool and so on.
2.3防火功能保溫體系防火功能的有關標明,關于低層住所(3層以下),各國標準對修建構件的耐火極限請求均為0.51.0h,對修建構件焚燒功能的請求以中國標準最為嚴格。
The 2.3 functions of fire insulation system of fire prevention function is related to the marked on the lower house (3 floors below), to build the components of the fire resistance limit of national standards request is 0.51.0h, to build the component function request to burn the most stringent standard Chinese.
在進行濟南彩鋼板房圍護構造的內保溫規劃時,可遵從修建規劃防火標準GB 16一1987、住所修建標準GB50368―2005和修建內部裝飾規劃防火標準GB50222―1995的有關規定,采用不燃或難燃資料,如礦棉板(氈)、玻璃棉板等;若選用泡沫塑料類資料,其焚燒功能應到達B1級。
In Ji'nan, the color plate of the insulation enclosure structure planning, construction planning can comply with fire safety standards GB 16, 1987 GB50368 - 2005 standard shelters and the construction of the relevant provisions of the internal decoration fire planning standard GB50222 - 1995, with no flammable materials, such as mineral wool board, glass wool board (felt); if the selection of foam materials, the burning function should reach B1 level.
2.4健康與環境保護保溫隔熱資料應選用不對室內環境發作污染的環保資料,即不含有放射性、致癌以及別的污染室內環境的物質。現在,中國對室內環境污染的操控有民用建筑工程室內環境污染操控標準GB50325―2001和室內空氣質量標準GB/T 2.5內裝飾規劃濟南彩鋼板房圍護構造的內保溫規劃應統籌圍護構造的內裝飾規劃,力求保溫隔熱資料和內裝飾資料的一體化裝飾,完成內裝飾過程的標準化、工業化,進步內裝飾的勞動生產率,提高內裝飾的質量和水平。
2.4, health and environmental protection heat preservation and insulation materials, should choose not to indoor environment attack pollution of environmental protection information, namely does not contain radioactive, carcinogenic and other pollution indoor environment of the material. Now, Chinese of indoor environmental pollution control of civil engineering indoor environmental pollution control standard GB50325 - 2001 and GB/T 2.5 in indoor air quality standard decoration planning of Ji'nan steel housing enclosure structure of the insulation should co-ordinate the planning within the enclosure structure planning and decoration, decoration materials and heat insulation materials and insulation, standardization in the process of industrialization, decorative decoration, labor productivity progress, improve the quality and level of the interior decoration.
在多式聯運過程中,濟南彩鋼板房受起吊、插舉、堆碼等裝運工作以及海陸運送的波動和轟動等許多要素影響,箱體不行防止地發作變形。為防止內裝飾資料及其接縫的開裂,內裝飾資料宜選用橫向和縱向抗彎模量較高且有必定耐性的裝飾資料,不得直接用脆性資料裝飾,如瓷磚貼面和石材貼面等。內裝飾板接縫宜選用明縫或壓條處理,如需無縫處理,應嚴厲按嵌縫技能進行操作,選用具有較高的自黏結才能和強度、必定的耐性和較好的施工功能的接縫膠和接縫帶。
In the multimodal transport process, Ji'nan steel housing by lifting, lifting, stacking and inserted shipping and the sea transportation and many other factors affect the fluctuation of sensation, not to prevent the attack of deformation body. To prevent cracking of decorative materials and decorative materials in the joints, should use the horizontal and vertical bending modulus is higher and there is surely tolerance of decorative materials, shall not be directly used for brittle materials such as ceramic tiles and decoration, stone veneer etc.. Interior decorative plate joints should be selected topstitching or layering processing, such as seamless processing, should be in strict accordance with the operation with caulking skills, high strength, self adhesive ability and must have patience and good construction function of glue joint and joint zone.
濟南彩鋼板房內墻面或天花板上需固定或懸掛重物時,應事先在箱體上預埋襯板。
Ji'nan color board room inside the wall or ceiling should be fixed or suspended heavy objects, should be pre embedded in the box lining board.
保溫規劃應確保表里表不結露,即表里表溫度不低于室內空氣的露點溫度。結露會使圍護構造表里表濕潤、霉變乃至淌水,惡化室內衛生條件。
The heat preservation plan shall ensure that the temperature is not lower than the dew point temperature of the indoor air. Dew will make the exterior and exterior of the enclosure structure moist, mildew and even drip water, and worsen indoor sanitary conditions.
內保溫圍護構造的露點位置是在接近外墻內側的外表存在構造冷(熱)橋的部位,這些部位因表里溫差過大常發作結露景象。在內保溫規劃中應防止構造冷(熱)橋的存在。
The dew point of the inner thermal insulation structure is near the inside of the outer wall, where there is a cold (hot) bridge, and the temperature of the interior and exterior is too large. The construction of a cold (thermal) bridge shall be prevented in the interior heat preservation plan.
3濟南彩鋼板房圍護構造常用的內保溫體系3.1彩鋼夾芯板內保溫體系彩鋼夾芯板是將五顏六色涂層鋼板面板及五顏六色涂層鋼板或鍍鋅鋼板底板與保溫芯材經過黏結劑(或發泡)復合而成的保溫圍護板材,按保溫芯材的不一樣可分為硬質聚氨酯夾芯板、聚苯乙烯(或擠塑聚苯乙烯)夾芯板和巖棉夾芯板。彩鋼夾芯板間選用咬合連接方法,用于濕潤場合的,可預先在面板外表高頻熱合PVC飾面。彩鋼夾芯板內保溫體系一般用于干箱箱體構造、對保溫功能請求不高的集裝箱式活動房。
3 Ji'nan steel housing enclosure structure commonly used within the insulation system of 3.1 steel sandwich board thermal insulation system within the steel sandwich board is coated steel panel and will be riotous with colour riotous with colour coating steel plate or galvanized steel sheet and plate insulation core material after bonding agent (or foam) a composite insulation panels, according to the different thermal insulation materials can be divided into rigid polyurethane sandwich board, polystyrene (or extruded polystyrene sandwich panel and rock wool sandwich board). Between the color steel sandwich panels, the method of occlusal connection is adopted. It is used for wetting occasions and can be used to heat the surface of PVC in front of the panel in a high frequency. The inner thermal insulation system of color steel sandwich board is generally used for the structure of dry box and cabinet, and the container room with low request for heat preservation function.
3.2龍骨內保溫體系龍骨內保溫體系是合作石膏板、纖維水泥板、硅酸鈣板、氧化鎂板等內墻裝飾板而采納的一種內保溫方法。箱體構造聯系輕鋼構造住所的構造特色。薄板輕鋼龍骨既作為構造承載件,也作為內墻板的固定根底,外側板可為干箱大波筋、平板、墻面壓型板等多種截面方法,龍骨間一般填充巖棉和玻璃棉等纖維狀保溫資料。
3.2, keel insulation system, keel insulation system is a cooperation gypsum board, fiber cement board, calcium silicate board, Magnesium Oxide board and other interior wall decorative board and adopted an internal insulation method. The structure of the box connects the structural features of the light steel structure residence. Thin light steel keel as structural components, as well as interior wall fixed foundation, lateral plate can be in a dry box wave rib, plate, wall pressure plate and other cross section method, keel between filling rock wool and glass wool and other fibrous insulation materials.
3.3復合保溫石膏板內保溫體系歐洲于20世紀70年代初開始在修建上使用復合保溫石膏板內保溫體系,經過近40a的大規模工程實習和檢查,已構成完善的技能標準,變成歐洲主流的修建圍護構造保溫體系。自2006年由以拉法基為代表的外資建材公司引入到中國之后,該體系已經過修建行業的一系列理論和檢查證明,發布有關技能規程和圖集,并成功使用于許多工程項目中。復合保溫石膏板兼有石膏板的裝飾性和保溫資料的超卓保溫功能,完成集裝箱式活動房保溫資料和內墻裝飾板的一體化裝飾,提高內裝飾功率。
3.3 composite insulation gypsum board insulation system in Europe in the early 1970s began to use the composite insulation gypsum board insulation system in the building, after a large-scale project near 40A in practice and inspection, constitutes a perfect skill standard, become the mainstream of European building enclosure structure heat preservation system. Since foreign building materials company in 2006 by Lafarge represented into China, this system has been proved a series of theoretical construction and inspection industry, issued the relevant rules and skills of atlas, and successfully used in many engineering projects. The composite thermal gypsum board has the function of the decorative and heat preservation of the gypsum board, and completes the integral decoration of the container type movable room, the heat preservation material and the interior wall decorative board, and improves the power of the interior decoration.
3.4聚氨酯內保溫體系聚氨酯內保溫體系是聯系冷箱發泡技能而構成的一種集裝箱式活動房圍護構造內保溫體系,其首要技能特色是預先對集裝箱式活動房各圍護構造進行聚氨酯模壓打針發泡,然后構成頂、側、底等幾大總裝部件,總裝后,再對各整體部件交界處進行二次發泡。聚氨酯內保溫體系適用于各種方法的箱體構造,有關于EPS,XPS等保溫材料具有不行比較的優勢:保溫效能好聚氨酯硬泡的熱導系數0.024W/(m.K),是EPS,XPS等保溫資料中熱工功能最佳的的保溫資料。模壓打針聚氨酯硬泡能習慣各種形狀截面,形成接連有用的保溫層,防止空氣經過縫隙或空腔流通而發作的冷(熱)橋景象。
3.4 polyurethane insulation system within the inner polyurethane insulation system is a kind of container type movable house enclosure structure contact cold box made of foaming skills within the insulation system, its main feature is the skill of container houses the enclosure structure of injection molded polyurethane foam in advance, then form a top side, bottom, and other major components of the assembly. After the assembly, and the whole component at the junction of two foam. The structure of polyurethane insulation within the system is suitable for all kinds of methods, there is no comparative advantage on EPS, XPS and 0.024W/: thermal conductivity of insulating material has good insulation efficacy of rigid polyurethane foam (m.K), EPS, XPS and other insulation materials in the thermal insulation material of the best function. Injection molding polyurethane rigid foam, can be used to form a variety of sections, forming a series of useful insulation layer, to prevent the air through the gap or cavity circulation and cold (hot) bridge scene.
 
  黏附力強聚氨酯硬泡能與混凝土、木材、鋼材、浙青、橡膠等資料粘結結實。模壓打針聚氨酯硬泡能與箱體、內墻裝飾板有用聯系,即便在最晦氣的溫度與濕度,以及自重、正常磕碰等許多要素的影響下,保溫層仍堅持安穩性,不呈現與箱體和內墻裝飾板的分離、掉落景象。
Strong adhesion, polyurethane rigid foam can be bonded with concrete, wood, steel, Zhejiang green, rubber and other data. Can contact with the box body and the inner wall decorative plate injection molding useful rigid polyurethane foam, even in the most unfavorable temperature and humidity, and the influence of gravity, and many other elements of the bump, the insulation layer still insist on stability, do not show the separation, with the housing and the inner wall of the drop scene.
防火功能較好聚氨酯硬泡增加阻燃劑后是一種難燃、自熄碳化的資料,且無XPS,EPS遇火及高溫而熔滴形成墻體掉落的的缺點,其防火功能可到達B2級。
The fire retardant function is better, the polyurethane hard foam increases the flame retardant, and it is a kind of data that is difficult to burn and self extinguishing, and without the XPS, EPS, the flame and the high temperature drop to form the wall falling, and its fire prevention function can reach the B2 level.
防水功能好因為聚氨酯硬泡歸于閉孔構造,閉孔率90%,吸水率4%,能極好地阻斷水和水蒸氣的浸透,能使保溫體系長時間堅持在杰出、安穩的絕熱情況。
Because of good waterproof function to construct rigid polyurethane foam obturator, obturator rate is 90%, the absorption rate is 4%, excellent blocking water and steam soak, can make the insulation system a long time in the fine and stable insulation.
抗裂功能好聚氨酯硬泡是一種柔性較好的資料,抗外界變形才能強,在外力、溫度、濕度等變形作用下,不易發作裂縫,有用地確保體系的安穩性和耐久性。
Good anti cracking function of rigid polyurethane foam is a kind of flexible material, anti external deformation ability, in force, temperature and humidity deformation under the action of the attack is not easy to crack, effectively ensure the stability and durability of the system.
環保功能好聚氨酯硬泡歸于三維熱固交聯構造,是一種化學安穩性較高的資料,其發泡劑可用無氟或半氟型的,因此不會發作有害氣體,不會對室內環境和臭氧層形成危害。
The environmental protection function of rigid polyurethane foam to three-dimensional structure is a kind of thermosetting crosslinking, chemical stability of high, the foaming agent can be used without fluorine or semi fluorinated type, so as not to attack the harmful gases, not on the indoor environment and the formation of the ozone layer damage.
施工快捷模壓打針的施工能夠進行機械化工作,功率高。聚氨酯施工對集裝箱式活動房外形習慣才能強,能全方面確保雜亂部位的保溫作用。
Construction of quick molding injection can be mechanized work, high power. The polyurethane construction is good for the shape of the container type movable room, and can ensure the thermal insulation function of the mess parts in all aspects.

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